Erosion is the wearing away of the land by forces such as water and wind. There are many different forces in nature that cause erosion. Depending on the type of force, erosion can happen quickly or take thousands of years. The main forces that cause erosion at Buffelsdrift reserve are water and wind.
Erosion by Water – Water is the main cause of erosion on Earth. Although water may not seem powerful at first, it is one of the most powerful forces on the planet.
Erosion by Wind – Wind is a major type of erosion, especially in dry areas. Wind can erode by picking up and carrying loose particles and dust away (called deflation). It can also erode when these flying particles strike the land and break off more particles (called abrasion).
Erosion control is the practice of preventing or controlling wind or water erosion of veld. The loss of soil due to erosion will also lead to impacts on watercourses and river systems. Erosion control is an act that normally doesn’t get a lot of attention. At Buffelsdrift Game Lodge we focus on controlling erosion to protect our sensitive areas. We use three main principles to control erosion on the reserve. We aim to use land according to its capability, protect sensitive soil by covering it and control surface water before it develops into erosion.